Landscapes of our Lives

An insight to the artwork Symbiosis by artist Rebecca D. Harris and how it represents the enormous microbial communities of our bodies.

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Welcome to your invisible world, for every single cell that is you, they are outnumbered 10:1. You are host to around 1,000,000,000,000,000 microbes, a community of microorganisms which are a vital cycle of life and this microbial community which colonises your body make you an ecosystem. In 2015 I was commissioned by the Eden Project (supported by the Wellcome Trust), Cornwall, to create an artwork to convey this story.

You are host to around 1,000,000,000,000,000 microbes

When we normally think of microbes we think of those bad for our health, never more so than within our current climate of Coronavirus. However, in the main microbes are essential for good health. In Symbiosis I created a hand and machine embroidered artwork which is bright and tactile, and so, enables the viewer to engage with the positive aspects of our microbial community. Our bodies are not blemished by the microbes, but like what I am doing with the embroidery, they are embellishments, a way to view the positive side of the microbes we share our existence with, and more so, owe our existence to.

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Symbiosis, 2015 by Rebecca D. Harris

The artwork took at least six months to complete, starting digitally with creating the topographical style map of the body and finishing with thousands upon thousands of hand embroidered French knots. The different colours represent the major groups of microbes present on the skin, and give a sense of the diversity, proportions and distributions of those communities. As part of the commission, I worked with microbiologists Professor Michael Wilson from University College London (UCL) who was also lead scientific advisor for the permanent exhibition. It was a fascinating experience to merge our two worlds, think together on this project, and to see what outcome would develop from this engagement. Part of which featured as a BBC World Service documentary, that did not air in the UK, but a clip and article can be read at the BBC website.

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Data from Professor Wilson

Professor Wilson presented myself with a large range of information and data on the differing groups of microbes. It was a huge challenge to resolve how to best handle this range of information for which I had no grasp of myself. With all my embroidery threads before me, I clustered them and simply assigned them to the major groups of microbes.

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Planning material for Symbiosis by Rebecca D Harris

It is not necessary to have ‘a key’ with the work. This was just my starting point to ensure I could give a sense of the diverse colonies of microbes and where they like to congregate the most or, as specific to my piece, where they are not congregating at all.

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Detail shot of Symbiosis by Rebecca D. Harris

The specific topic I covered for the exhibition was regarding how when in the womb we are microbe free, 100% human, awaiting our seeding of microbes when we enter the microbial world. To convey this, the In Utero part of the figure contrasts with its mother’s vibrant and multitude of hand embroidered French knots. During pregnancy, we have everything we need for survival from our placenta. It is through birth we acquire the first stage of crucial development of human health, microbes.

when in the womb we are microbe free, 100% human

There is a ‘small window’ of opportunity in early life for future mental health, immune health and gut health all from this microbial life. This is not to say that opportunity is our only opportunity. For my hand embroidered artwork Rhizome (below), produced for UCL Neuroscience Society’s SANE mental health charity auction, I was inspired by how gardening is said to alleviate depression. This is not only due to food production satisfaction, sunshine and the exercise — but also the microbes Mycobacterium vaccae found in the soil; absorbed by the gardener, which is said to then stimulate serotonin production within the brain. It fascinates me just how much of a symbiotic relationship our bodies have with the natural world, that there is a reward system for our interaction in tending to the land.

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Rhizome, 2015 by Rebecca D. Harris

Which brings me back to feeling a stronger link about how our bodies are like a ecosystem. Microbes forge the link between us and the natural world, ensuring good health, together forming the landscape of our lives. The painstaking process of months and months of hand stitching those tiny colourful dots to convey this, was time well spent. I enjoyed every moment of exploring this topic and especially for this piece of embroidery to continue its story where it can still be viewed (ironically, this particular exhibition is currently closed due to the pandemic) at the most fitting location, Eden Project.

Stitching Science: cloth and how it can reveal the body

This formed part of the talk given (virtually), October 2020, at Royal College of Physicians (RCP) by artist Rebecca D. Harris and specifically relating to the two artworks ‘Deep Seated Anxiety’ and ‘Untitled (black MRI)‘.

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Middle English cloth, clath, from Old English clāþ (“cloth, clothes, covering, sail”)


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Deep Seated Anxiety, 2012 by Rebecca D. Harris

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Untitled, from Skin Deep body of work, 2013 by Rebecca D. Harris
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Life Sucks, 2012 by Rebecca D. Harris

“undressing a woman of her skin would fundamentally destroy the myth of her being other’ and therefore she becomes defined by being both a container and surface with ‘coding of femaleness [taking] place on the skin”

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Life Sucks, 2017 by Rebecca D. Harris

 

In the artworks Life Sucks, tights retain more of their original format. Where they are used more as reference to strained sagging skin, leaving a short amount of legs coming from the tights gussets and held within an embroidery frame to represent sagging breasts.
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Untitled by Rebecca D. Harris

So where the body can easily be conveyed within a soft sculpture practice, how can I use cloth just in its two-dimensional form?

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Untitled (black MRI) by Rebecca D. Harris
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Digitally manipulated MRI head scan by Rebecca D. Harris
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Untitled (red MRI) by Rebecca D. Harris

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MRI scans and drawing progression for artwork by Rebecca D. Harris
‘Symbiosis’, 2015 by Rebecca D. Harris
Detail view of ‘Symbiosis’, 2015 by Rebecca D. Harris
Returning to the calico cloth used before, I could focus on the contours and bright colourful french knots which represent the huge variety of bacteria and other single celled organisms which colonise the landscapes of our bodies, both inside and out and how prior to birth we are microbe free. In this artwork, not only was cloth a medium to explore aspects of the body but I was able to take the act of embroidery further.
Detail shot of Untitled (black MRI) by Rebecca D. Harris